TO HOOP OR NOT TO HOOP?
When at all possible, hoop your fabric. It is the most secure method for embroidery. A few exceptions are:
satin faced silk
very thick terrycloth
There are other fabrics that also benefit from not being hooped – mostly expensive silks and fine linens. Many natural fibers crush or mark easily – resulting in “hoop burn” – so we recommend testing a little corner of your finer fabrics before hooping them.
Some people have success in preventing hoop burn by wrapping their inner hoop with soft fabric. (I use this method as a last resort.)
Certain fabrics may be damaged if they are stuck to a stabilizer that will be pulled away after stitching. Such fabrics have loops (e.g., terry cloth), a cut pile (e.g., corduroy and velvet), or a very loose weave; these fabrics are usually either hard to hoop or tend to mark with hooping, so they really need to be stuck. I like to use Vilene stabilizer and temporary spray adhesive for these projects. Vilene stays well in the hoop and is sturdy enough to support most fabrics. And because it dissolves with water, you do not have to worry about disturbing the pile of the fabric by pulling it away.
Sometimes, however, I find myself using a fabric that shouldn’t be hooped OR washed, and would be damaged by ripping away a sticky stabilizer. In these cases, I use a regular piece of lightweight woven interfacing for my stabilizer and just trim away as much of the interfacing as I can after stitching. Usually these projects end up with a lining, and as interfacing is soft and pliable, you can’t even tell that it remains!
KNIT FABRICS BENEFIT FROM USING WOVEN INTERFACING AS A STABILIZER.
There are several stabilizers that can be removed with heat. These stabilizers also work well for projects that cannot be washed; you just need to be sure the fabric can withstand the heat necessary to remove the stabilizer later!
Peel and stick stabilizer is popular, but you should use extreme caution as the sticky is very sticky! Any stabilizer can be made into a “stick on” stabilizer by spraying one side of it with temporary spray adhesive. When using temporary spray adhesive, use only as much as you need. Don’t overdo it and don’t spray anywhere around your machines! I go outside to spray.
Fabrics that cannot be hooped also benefit from being basted in place on top of the stabilizer as an extra precaution. Most embroidery machines have a function that will sew a basting stitch outline around the perimeter of the design area. If your machine does not have this function, you can carefully baste the layers together by hand while they are in the hoop.
Having trouble with embroidery that puckers and ripples around the edges when it is removed from the hoop?
Incorrect hooping and/or stabilizing often results in puckered embroidery. Fabric that has been pulled drum-tight in the hoop will pucker around the edges of the embroidery after it has been released from the hoop… so resist the temptation to tug on the fabric after you have hooped it! Your fabric should be “at rest” in the hoop. This means: smooth and flat, but not springboard tight.
The best way to keep yourself from tugging and pulling on the fabric as you hoop it (thereby causing it to stretch) is to adhere your stabilizer to your project fabric. I recommend one layer of a lightweight iron-on tear-away such as Totally Stable by Sulky. The brand doesn’t matter as much as how it works – if it comes off as easy as it goes on, it’s a good stabilizer! Make sure you cover an area larger than your hoop so that the hoop encloses stabilized fabric all around. If your design requires more stabilizing, float an additional piece of regular tear-away under the hoop before you begin.
Too many layers of stabilizer can also cause distortion or puckers in and around a design. Choose your designs to suit your fabric. Lightweight, delicate fabrics require designs that are not stitch intensive. Heavy weight, tightly woven fabrics can support more stitches such as wide satin stitching or large filled areas. If you need to use more than two layers of stabilizer, it is likely that your chosen design does not suit your fabric.
A DOZEN THINGS TO KNOW
- Always preshrink your project fabrics (including applique fabric) whenever possible before beginning a project.
- READ THE DIRECTIONS. Many designers put a LOT of information in the PDF files that come with their designs. Read them completely before you begin! In addition to color charts, you may find suggestions for fabric and other resources, instructions for stabilizing, designer’s special tips, and even project ideas!
- Keep your thread stored in a way that will prevent dust and light damage. Opaque plastic boxes with lids work well. Mini king spools or small spools can be stored in children’s toy car keeper boxes found at most discount stores.
- Protect the embroidery arm of your machine; when stitching, be sure nothing impedes its movement.
- Clean out the bobbin case on a regular basis.
- Remember to change your needle. If your machine is skipping stitches, chances are you need a new needle.
- If you are using your body weight to push the inner hoop into the outer hoop while hooping… loosen the hoop! It shouldn’t hurt to hoop, and you shouldn’t have to jump up and down to do it.
- Use the smallest possible hoop for your design.
- Do a test stitch-out of your chosen design on project fabric (or something very similar) before beginning the actual project.
- Back applique fabrics with fusible webbing whenever possible*. Apply the fusible webbing backed applique fabric to your design. AFTER trimming away the excess applique fabric, and BEFORE sewing the final satin stitch edging, use a mini-iron to fuse the applied fabric to the background fabric right in the hoop. Do this on a hard, flat, heat-protected surface. Then finish stitching the design. *If your applique fabric will melt when touched with an iron, DO NOT back it with fusible webbing!
- Use tweezers to lift and hold jump threads while trimming. This allows you to trim very closely and also helps prevent accidentally clipping stitches.
- Do not leave the room while the machine is stitching! The very time you walk out on your machine, the needle could break and punch holes in your project… or something just as bad! Our machines like to bask in our attention, don’t you know? 😉